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Describe the major features of north -western highlands of Europe in geography 1 See answer kamaljeetsingh923 is waiting for your help. Andrew Turgeon, Mary Crooks, National Geographic Society It is home to many navigable rivers, including the Rhine, Weser, Elbe, Oder, and Vistula. It stretches from northern France, through the British Isles and Scandinavia to the Arctic Ocean. 1. Migration has positive and negative effects on a country or area. wetland area usually covered by a shallow layer of seawater or freshwater. The Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats border the Deccan plateau on its eastern and western sides respectively. Europe has been the home to a variety of civilizations including Ancient Greece and the Roman Empire. The Equator, or line of 0 degrees latitude, divides the Earth into the Northern and Southern hemispheres. Important highlands in this region include the Massif Central and the Vosges in France, the Ardennes of Belgium, the Black Forest and the Taunus in Germany, and the Ore and Sudeten in the Czech Republic. The differences in climate, terrain, and natural resources provide for a diversity of economic activities that influence cultural development within the European community. Last Updated: ... reflecting the country’s history as ground once contested by two of Europe’s great powers. In geography, boundaries separate different regions of Earth. World Regional Geography: People, Places and Globalization. The Deccan Plateau- a triangular landmass lying on the south of the Narmada River. World Map / World Atlas / Atlas of the World Including Geography Facts and Flags - WorldAtlas.com The Danube cuts through the heart of Europe from west to east. any area on Earth with one or more common characteristics. Add your answer and earn points. 3. Europe's rich agricultural and industrial diversity has made the continent a center of commerce and culture for centuries. Europe is the western peninsula of the giant "supercontinent" of Eurasia. New questions in Geography. Trees also grow in that southernmost region, including the Aleppo pine, cypress, and cork oak. The map represented a huge leap forward in knowledge, recognizing the newly found American landmass and forever changing the European understanding of a world divided into only three parts—Europe, Asia, and Africa. Select from these educational resources to teach middle school students more about physical boundaries. 3. All of the following are true about Northern Europe, except: There are problems with the physical environment. The highest mountain in Europe is Mount Elbrus, a mountian in the Caucasus with a height of 18,510 feet above sea level. The Highlands (Scots: the Hielands; Scottish Gaelic: a’ Ghàidhealtachd [ə ˈɣɛːəl̪ˠt̪ʰəxk], 'the place of the Gaels') is a historic region of Scotland. Most of Western Europe has a moderate type C climate. However, in geography, West Asia refers to the regions of Mesopotamia, Levant, Anatolia, the Armenian Highlands, Iran, Arabian Peninsula, South Caucasus, and the Sinai Peninsula. The region can be defined both geographically and ethnographically. Most of the highlands and mountains are the result of recent volcanic activities (e.g east African mountains like the Kilmanjaro -19,340 ft (5895 m); ... (extends 320 kms or 200 miles off shore). Also called deep-water coral. Norway,Sweden,Denmark, etc. Seaweed can be composed of brown, green, or red algae, as well as "blue-green algae," which is actually bacteria. The rate of natural increase is fairly low. Alps. Northwestern Europe, or Northwest Europe, is a loosely defined subregion of Europe, overlapping Northern and Western Europe. Population Data Bureau 2007. The only primate native to Europe, the Barbary macaque, inhabits this Mediterranean basin. Mont Blanc (French –Italian border) Europe List Europe’s various natural resources. National Geographic News: New Fault Found in Europe—May 'Close Up' Adriatic Sea, National Geographic News: Volcanic Ash Stops Europe Flights—Why Ash Is Dangerous, European Environment Agency: European Land Cover, National Geographic Education: Mapping Europe—Land Mammal Range. The absence of any major continental shelf as in Europe and the northeastern part of North America limits the development of fishing grounds and the … Text on this page is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service. Encyclopedic entry. The North European Plain remains the most densely populated region of Europe.Central UplandsThe Central Uplands extend east-west across central Europe and include western France and Belgium, southern Germany, the Czech Republic, and parts of northern Switzerland and Austria. In many places, including the Mediterranean and North seas, waters have been overfished. The significant difference is the exclusion of most of Egypt, which is often categorized as part of Africa, and the inclusion of the Caucasus region. The North West Highlands: These highlands in the west are composed of deep valleys, plains, plateaus and rugged mountains. The differences in climate, terrain, and natural resources provide for a diversity of economic activities that influence cultural development within the European community. The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. Mt. Physical boundaries include oceans, cliffs, or valleys. system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit. Encyclopedic entry. marine algae. type of mammal, including humans, apes, and monkeys. Huge herds of reindeer feed on these tiny plants.The taiga, which stretches across northern Europe just south of the tundra, is composed of coniferous forests, with trees such as pine, spruce, and fir. type of animal (an arthropod) with a hard shell and segmented body that usually lives in the water. Glacial landforms, mapped around the Western Highlands, and in the Cairngorms and Northern Highlands, help constrain the dimensions of an extensive ice cap and several icefields that existed during the LLS (e.g. If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. having parts or molecules that are packed closely together. b) It is the most densely populated of Europe's landscape regions. Central Africa’s most famous national park, Virunga National Park in Congo (Kinshasa), is home to elephants, lions, hippopotamuses, warthogs, forest hogs, okapis, and mountain gorillas on the volcano slopes. The north west high lands are the northern third of scotland which is separated from the Grampians mountains tramwayniceix and 15 more users found this answer helpful 2.9 (8 votes) long, narrow ocean inlet between steep slopes. Western European climates tend to be noticeably milder than their latitudinal equivalents in North America because? land covered by trees with thin needles instead of flat leaves. The North-West Europe Campaign of 1944–1945 started with the landings in Normandy and ended with Field Marshal Montgomery taking the German military surrender of all German forces in the Netherlands, north-west Germany and Denmark on Lüneburg Heath in north-west Germany. Thus, the west European type of climate has developed over north-western Europe (including Great Britain, western Norway, Denmark, northwest Germany, Neth­erlands, Belgium, Luxemberg, and north-western France), British Columbia of Canada, Washington and Oregon states of the USA, south-west coast of Chile (S. America), south-east coast of Australia, and Tasmania and New Zealand. The European bison, the heaviest land animal on the continent, is one of the most threatened species. Also called boreal forest. an animal that lives most of its life in the ocean but breathes air and gives birth to live young, such as whales and seals. Browse ... Senior Professor of Geography, University of Western Ontario, London. Touching 9 countries over its 1,771-mile length, the Danube River links Europeans to the Black Sea. The tundra, found in Iceland and the northern reaches of Scandinavia and Russia, is a treeless region where small mosses, lichens, and ferns grow. The Gulf Stream originates in the Gulf of Mexico, where the waters are warmed. For instance in archaeology and ancient history, and it is used to differentiate the fertile crescent in Asia or Western Asia cultures as opposed to ancient Egypt. the reduction or destruction of an ecosystem, making it less able to support its native species. evergreen forest in cool, northern latitudes. A peninsula is a piece of land surrounded by water on three sides. Glaciation is the process of land being transformed by glaciers or ice sheets. Diane Boudreau piece of land jutting into a body of water. Europe’s northern position affects its growing seasons and people’s moods, and it should be taken into consideration as an essential influenc… the study of the way human communities and systems interact with their environment. Europe is the second-smallest continent. Asia is the largest of the world’s continents, covering approximately 30 percent of the Earth’s land area. Examples of terrestrial ecosystems include the tundra, taigas, temperate deciduous forests, tropical rainforests, grasslands, and deserts. The world population is growing rapidly. For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. This division of Africa into almost two equal parts (lengthwise) across the equator makes the climatic and physical conditions in the north repeat themselves in the south. Its easternmost country is Russia, which spans Europe … The North European Plains. This is because France and Wallonia, despite their historical Protestant Huguenot populations, are traditionally considered Catholic Romance language countries, while much of Southern Germany, much of the southern Netherlands, Austria, and Ireland, though largely containing Germanic language speakers, are historically Catholic. one of the seven main land masses on Earth. Biology, Ecology, Earth Science, Geology, Geography, Physical Geography. v. 1.0. It is positioned in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. Terms of Service |  Privacy Notice |  Well-researched and entertaining content on geography (including world maps), science, current events, and more. The Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats border the Deccan plateau on its eastern and western sides respectively. Europe has a long history of human development and is considered the birthplace of Western Civilization. ... , H.J. Both peaceful intermingling and violent invasions of newcomers have resulted in a greater diversity in the genetics of the population, compared with neighboring regions. As it turns out, to really get a good understand of the full meaning of our ethnicity results, we have to do a little exploration of geography and history. All of the major bodies of water in Europe have been fished for centuries. The word … Melissa McDaniel all the different kinds of living organisms within a given area. able to be continued at the same rate for a long period of time. However, after facing the erosive action of glaciers for millions of years, they have been reduced to low hills with gentle slopes. 4. The region can be defined both geographically and ethnographically. Historically, when Europe … The region also has a strong history of Protestantism that differentiates it from its Mediterranean / Southern European / Latin and Eastern European / Slavic neighbours. This plain is ringed almost completely by coastal … conditions that surround and influence an organism or community. Resources can be natural or human. The North-West Europe Campaign of 1940, during the Battle of France, was restricted to Belgium and the French Channel ports. PHYSICAL FEATURES . Asia makes up the eastern portion of the Eurasian supercontinent; Europe occupies the western portion.The border between the two continents is debated. ... we see that much of Europe lies north of the United States. landmass that forms as tectonic plates interact with each other. Kara West. It includes parts of France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, Poland, the Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania), and Belarus. A biome is a community of animals and plants spreading over an extensive area with a relatively uniform climate. use or harvesting of a renewable resource to the point where the resource is threatened. Appalachian Mountains. Use these resources to spark student curiosity in terrestrial ecosystems and discover how different abiotic and biotic factors determine the plants and animals found in a particular place. Northern Europe is a loosely defined geographical region in Europe.Narrower definitions may describe Northern Europe as being roughly north of the southern coast of the Baltic Sea, which is about 54°N, or may be based on other geographical factors such as climate and ecology.A broader definition would include the area of Europe north of the Alps (but excluding Eastern Europe).. Establishing fishing limits, protecting threatened habitats, and encouraging sustainable consumption habits are some efforts supported by European conservationists. If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. The area is dominate mostly by Evangelical Lutheran Christianity. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media. The type of terrestrial ecosystem found in a particular place is dependent on the temperature range, the average amount of precipitation received, the soil type, and amount of light it receives. Northwestern Europe, or Northwest Europe, is a loosely defined subregion of Europe, overlapping Northern and Western Europe. Environmental and economic factors affect population density, distribution and structure. Within these regions are all the major types of biomes in the world. If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact ngimagecollection@natgeo.com for more information and to obtain a license. (2010) Ireland, country of western Europe occupying five-sixths of the westernmost major island of the British Isles. process in which there is an increase in the number of people living and working in a city or metropolitan area. Western Europe can be divided into a number of smaller geographic regions, including northern Europe, southern Europe, Central Europe, and the British Isles. The country is noted for a rich heritage of culture and tradition that was linked initially to the Gaelic language. The Alpine region also includes active volcanoes, such as Mount Etna and Mount Vesuvius in Italy. It was fought by the British 21st Army Group. type of plant or animal that is not indigenous to a particular area and causes economic or environmental harm. Many other European rivers flow from the interior to the sea and are large enough for ships to traverse. Paris, France, is at about the same latitude as Fargo, North Dakota. It is bordered by the Adriatic Sea on the east coast, the Tyrrhenian Sea on the west or Mediterranean coast, and the Ionian Sea to the south.In the north, Italy is bordered by the countries of France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia. It is one of the longest fold mountains in the world and extends from Canada to Western US (New Mexico State) 2. The Caledonian Canal, which extends from Loch Linnhe in the south-west, via Loch Ness to the Moray Firth in the north … c) It does not include southeastern England. Many of Europes fjords are located in Iceland and Scandinavia. These two halves are separated by the mountain chains of the Pyrenees and the Alps / Carpathians. Southern France is not regarded as northwestern, as it is usually geographically and culturally considered part of the Mediterranean region or Southern Europe. A physical boundary is a naturally occurring barrier between two or more areas. A fjord is a long and narrow inlet of the sea that is surrounded by high, rugged cliffs. Major mountain ranges in Europe include the Carpathian Mountains, Pyrenees, Scandinavian Mountains, Apennines, Cantabrian Mountains, Dinaric Alps, Scottish Highlands and Balkan mountains. In geography, a cape is a headland or a promontory of large size extending into a body of water, usually the sea. A small troop of Barbary macaques lives on the tiny island of Gibraltar, between Spain and the African country of Morocco.The waters surrounding Europe are home to a number of organisms, including fish, seaweeds, marine mammals, and crustaceans. In military history, especially in Commonwealth countries, the battle honour North-West Europe has been used to refer to the two land campaigns in that approximate area during World War II. Mitchell, North Carolina, US (highest peak of Appalachian Mountains) North America. Geographically, Northwestern Europe usually consists of the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Northern France, Northern Germany, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and Iceland. The world can be divided into the following geographical regions: 1. The Central Uplands are lower in altitude and less rugged than the Alpine region and are heavily wooded. The Western Uplands, also known as the Northern Highlands, curve up the western edge of Europe and define the physical landscape of Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden, and Denmark), Finland, Iceland, Scotland, Ireland, the Brittany region of France, Spain, and Portugal. The Rhine flows 820 miles from the interior of Europe north to the North Sea. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. available supply of materials, goods, or services. Europe's most significant geological feature is the dichotomy between the highlands and mountains of Southern Europe and a vast, partially underwater, northern plain ranging from Great Britain in the west to the Ural Mountains in the east. The Himalayas in Asia, the Alps in Europe, the Rockies in North America and the Andes in South America are the most prominent … Europe is a wealthy continent and is the center of the West and Western Democracy. AN OVERVIEW OF THE PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY OF AFRICA . Gobinder Gobinder Answer: The north west high lands are the northern third of scotland which is separated from the Grampians mountains. Culturally, the Highlands and the Lowlands diverged from the later Middle Ages into the modern period, when Lowland Scots replaced Scottish Gaelic throughout most of the Lowlands. ancient, giant landmass that split apart to form all the continents we know today. Europe is sometimes described as a peninsula of peninsulas. The forests and grasslands of western and central Europe have been almost completely domesticated, with crops and livestock dominant.Finally, small, drought-resistant plants border the Mediterranean Sea, Europes southern edge. They are made up of very hard crystalline rocks and were once very lofty and rugged. The eastern side of these mountains is often considered the boundary line or border between the continents of Europe and Asia. Athens, Greece, is at about the same latitude as St. Louis, Missouri. Europe has been the central point of two of the biggest wars in modern history: World War I and World War II. Western Europe is closer to the North Pole C. of the influence of the Atlantic Ocean … The Deccan Plateau- a triangular landmass lying on the south of the Narmada River. Also called industrial agriculture. Some diverse biomes represented in North America include desert, grassland, tundra, and coral reefs. The North-western Highlands. d) It has historically functioned as a barrier to contact and communication due to its marshy conditions High elevations, rugged plateaus, and steeply sloping land define the region. 1. There are generally considered to be four hemispheres: Northern, Southern, Eastern, and Western. This region is sparsely populated except in the Rhine, Rhne, Elbe, and Danube river valleys.Alpine MountainsThe Alpine Mountains include ranges in the Italian and Balkan peninsulas, northern Spain, and southern France. Frequent minimum definition of Northwestern Europe. Prehistoric Western Europe. Its capital city is Dublin. It was the first map, printed or manuscript, to depict clearly a separate Western Hemisphere, with the Pacific as a separate ocean. Europe is a land of physical features. region and name for some countries in Northern Europe: Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Denmark. The Gulf Stream is perhaps the most critical current for Western Europe’s climate and is responsible for producing a temperate climate for a northern latitude location. The countries in Northern and Western Europe are representative democracies and according to the Freedom in the World report published by Freedom House in 2017, all of them are among the top 30 countries in terms of political rights and civil liberties; Finland, Norway, and Sweden scoring the highest all around the world. West Asia occasionally overlaps with the geographical area of the Middle East. Northern Ireland, part of the United Kingdom, lying in the northeastern quadrant of the island of Ireland, on the western continental periphery often characterized as Atlantic Europe. Europes main peninsulas are the Iberian, Italian, and Balkan, located in southern Europe, and the Scandinavian and Jutland, located in northern Europe. cold, treeless region in Arctic and Antarctic climates. About a quarter of marine mammals are threatened.Today, around 15 percent of Europes animal species are threatened or endangered, mainly by habitat loss, pollution, overexploitation, and competition from invasive species. It is bordered by Mexico to the north and west; by Belize and the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) to the northeast; by Honduras to the east; by El Salvador to the southeast and by the Pacific Ocean to the south. Other important world mountain ranges include the Pyrenees, Tian Shan, Transantarctic Mountains, Atlas, and the Carpathians. Western Europe can be divided into a number of smaller geographic regions, including northern Europe, southern Europe, Central Europe, and the British Isles. WESTERN EUROPE, PHYSICAL FEATURES AND RESOURCES, What are the Alps?, What are the Apennines?, Where is the Rock of Gibraltar?, Where are the Highlands?, How wide is the Strait of Gibraltar?, Where is the southernmost glacier in Europe?, How many volcanoes are in Europe?, Which volcano poses the most risk to people in Europe?, How many volcanoes does Iceland have?, What is … Moose, bear, and elk are native to the European taiga.Just south of the taiga is a mixture of coniferous and deciduous trees, including beech, ash, poplar, and willow. When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource. ; Miller, Peter O. Geography: Realms Regions and Concepts 10 th edition. The Western Highlands are the most extensive and rugged topographic component of Ethiopia. Ireland, country of western Europe occupying five-sixths of the westernmost major island of the British Isles. The term is also used for the area north and west of the Highland Boundary Fault, … In Europe, late Triassic-early Jurassic times commenced with a major transgression of the Tethys Sea and the establishment of a broad, open-marine shelf sea that occupied much of southern Germany, the Paris Basin, the Celtic Sea-Western Approaches region, the Irish Sea, the southern and central North Sea, Denmark and northern Germany. Landforms are natural and distinctive features. If we compare Europe’s position on a globe with that of the contiguous United States, we see that much of Europe lies north of the United States. She or he will best know the preferred format. Only Oceania has less landmass. Finland, Southern Germany, Switzerland, and Austria are also often considered part of Northwestern Europe. These are the Western Highlands, the Western Lowlands, the Eastern Highlands, the Eastern Lowlands, and the Rift Valley. The four main landforms include the Alpine region, Central Uplands, Northern Lowlands, and Western Highlands. introduction of harmful materials into the environment. Guatemala is a country located in Central America. Western Europe. Beginning in the 20th century, many governments and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have worked to restore some of Europes rich biodiversity. One of the ways in which to do that is by geographic regions. North European PlainThe North European Plain extends from the southern United Kingdom east to Russia. Europe extends from the island nation of Iceland in the west to the Ural Mountains of Russia in the east. A definition of Northwestern Europe as an inclusive term for those European countries not falling within Southern Europe or Eastern Europe was used by some late 19th to mid 20th century anthropologists, eugenicists, and Nordicists, who used Northwestern Europe as a shorthand term for the region of Europe in which members of the Nordic race were concentrated, in contrast to the Eastern and Southern regions of Europe that contained Mediterranean peoples, Slavs, and other non-Nordic peoples. Legacy in southern Europe, is at about the region can be divided into four majors physical division Europe..., covering approximately 30 percent of the biggest wars in modern history: world War and. Closely scattered islands in a given area of peninsulas there are many ways to the. To east and asia Eurasian supercontinent ; Europe occupies the Western Ghats border the Deccan Plateau- a triangular landmass on... Of Exploration had a significant impact on geography ( including world maps,. 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